The government of the Mali Empire was a very organized government. At the top was the king, or the ruler, next were the priests, then came storytellers, and finally the slaves. The Mali empire had an organized government, that’s why it’s reign was so extended. However, even though it was organized, it didn’t necessarily give rights and freedom to everyone. There were the slaves, who weren’t graced with freedom. They were very organized, but failed to grant everyone freedom. That is why we gave the government this grade.
Religion: B- (Tara)
Some people in the Mali Empire coped by praying to Mecca, because most were Islamic. A small percentage of the people believed in a religion with the teachings of “The Spirits Of The Land.” The people of the Mali empire came together to pray at one of their Mosques, although there was 10% that were African Traditional, or Christians. Most of the people came together to pray, spread religion, or other reasons. We decided to give religion a B-, because they brought their empire together, they also pushed that 10% away.
Economy- A (Erin)
The Mali empire was a large empire. It had a stable economy. Trading was at a very advanced level, and it was largely responsible for its strong economy.
Mali’s two main resources were gold and salt. Copper was also an important resource. all three were very highly valued in the trading economy. There were three main gold mines within the empire. By the 14th century, Mali exported almost half of the Old World’s gold. The empire became rich by taxing all of the gold and salt that entered its borders.
The Mali empire not only grew by using trade by also by developing agricultural resources. For example they used fertile soil by the Niger River were they were able to grow crops. slaves were also used to produce goods from the farmlands. They planted beans, rice, sorghum, millet, papaya, gourds, cotton, and peanuts.
I gave them an A because they had a strong economy due to their trade of gold, salt, and copper. They were also able to be agriculturally self-sufficient with the crops produced within the empire.
Art and Architecture: A- (Tara)
The Mali Empire’s architecture was exquisite, they showed advancement by creating different shapes and sizes of Mosques. Their art was mostly woodcarving, jewelry making, storytelling, and music. The women typically wore large gold earrings. For example, this woman is wearing very heavy earrings and a nose piercing, these were normal for the women of the Mali empire. We gave this grade because, there was human advancement in architecture and they had a very creative way to make and wear jewelry.
Technology- D (Erin)
Mali’s technology was not very advanced. They lacked skilled scientist and therefore depended highly on foreign countries to supply them with weapons. The people of Mali did create bows and arrows for fighting, as well as Shields and chain mail armor. The arrows were barb-tipped with poison on them. They also made a stabbing spear calla a Tamba. If they were lucky they would get a sword, but they were hard to come across if you were in infantry.
I gave Mali a D for technology. Their technology innovations were related only to simple weapons and even with weapons they still relied on what other countries had developed.
Society – C- (Stephanie)
They could not have social movement because they had a king they had slaves and story tellers and priest. Women’s rights are very limited in Mali,many girls marry at a very young age of 15. Malian women have a very low level of protection within the family. There is a high level of tolerance of violence against women. Most women in Mali have been subjected to female genital mutilation. Malian women have legal rights to property ownership. However, Women have the right to access to property other than land. However, their independent actions purchasing a house. For example, can lead to family conflict if the husband has not agreed to the action. Legally, women and men have the same access to land and the government has launched several publicly funded agricultural development projects that theoretically, allow women to access land on the same basis as men.They did have slaves, and the slaves were treated horribly, they were stolen from their families. They were aloud to become family members of their master’s'. Their society got a C- because they failed to treat everyone equally, and treated women and slaves poorly.